Female sterilization is a permanent procedure to prevent pregnancy. It works by blocking the fallopian tubes (tubes connecting ovaries to uterus). Sterilization is a viable option for women who decide not to have any more children. Sterilization does not give protection from Sexually Transmissible Infections (STIs). The best way to lessen the risk of STIs is to use barrier methods such as condoms.
There are two methods of female sterilization:
- Interval Sterilisation which can be done any time after ruling out pregnancy and at any time after 6 weeks of giving birth.
- Post partum sterilization which can be done within 7 days after giving birth.
- During female sterilization all of a woman’s reproductive organs, including the vagina are removed.
In female sterilization it is only the tubes connecting the uterus to the ovaries which are ligated. No other structure of female reproductive organ is ligated or removed.
- Female sterilization leads to health risks or side effects such as hysterectomy, or hormonal imbalance.
Female sterilization does not lead to health risks, hysterectomy or hormonal imbalance. It is a simple procedure where client may be discharged in about 4 hours. Sterilization prevents fusion of ova with sperm by obstructing the passage due to ligation. Therefore there are no hormonal changes, and it does not involve removal of reproductive organs.
- Female sterilisation stops ovulation or kills ova.
No, it does not stop ovulation or kills ova. In female sterilization, tubes are ligated and it only prevents pregnancy by obstructing the passage of ovum, which prevents fusion of ova with sperm.
- Female sterilisation causes irregular, heavier or no menstrual bleeding.
Sterilization does not disturb hormonal system of the body and menstrual cycle continues as earlier.