There are two types of IUCDs:
IUCD is an effective method to prevent unwanted pregnancies and there are three methods of IUCD insertions:
There exists no evidence on increased risk of pelvic infection or infertility in women using IUCD in comparison to those who use other methods of birth control.
IUCD insertion pain varies from person to person. It however subsides gradually. IUCD is a one-time method, which gives protection from pregnancy for 5 or 10 years, depending on the type of IUCD inserted (IUCD 380 A-10 years, IUCD 375-5 years). Fertility is resumed immediately once IUCD is removed.
IUCD is placed inside the uterus, at the very top called the fundus. Plastic strings are attached to the end of the IUCD, which run through the cervix up to upper portion of vagina. If inserted properly, there is rare chance of feeling threads during sexual contact.
PPIUCD does not cause any such complications. It is inserted within 48 hours of delivery in the health facility. Uterus after delivery is thick and there is no chance for IUCD to perforate the thick muscles of uterus and enter abdomen.
PPIUCD is placed high in the uterus. The size of uterus expands during delivery and therefore an IUCD is placed by high fundal approach using special forceps. Chances of expulsion are rare if a trained and skilled provider inserts PPIUCD.
There is no evidence supporting endometrial or cervical cancer due to PPIUCD use.
There is no effect on quality, quantity and composition of breast milk in a PPIUCD user.